3 edition of Mechanisms of interannual ocean-atmosphere interactions found in the catalog.
Mechanisms of interannual ocean-atmosphere interactions
|Statement||principal investigator, Claude Frankignoul.|
|Series||NASA-CR -- 173834., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-173834.|
|Contributions||United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.|
|The Physical Object|
For a detailed discussion the reader is referred to Philander (). The crucial aspect of large-scale ocean-atmosphere interactions is a circularity: sea surface temperatures strongly influence atmospheric conditions and are also determined by those atmospheric conditions, especially by the surface winds in the tropics. The best known is the E1 Ni~o/ Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, which dominates global climate variations on interannual timescales ranging (mostly) from 3 to 6 years; many cli- mate studies have described this quasi-regular phe- nomenon of tropical air-sea interactions centered in the equatorial Pacific and its teleconnections to many.
The basic aims of the TOGA studies are as follows (TOGA Study Group, ): 1. to determine the nature of the interannual variability of the tropical oceans and global atmosphere, and 2. to understand the mechanisms that determine the interannual variability and the predictability of the variations. 1 Understanding El Niño in Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Models: progress and challenges Eric Guilyardi1, Andrew Wittenberg2, Alexey Fedorov3, Mat Collins4, Chunzai Wang5, Antonietta Capotondi6, Geert Jan van Oldenborgh7, Tim Stockdale8 .
Interannual variations in upwelling at the coast create fluctuations in biological production in coastal ecosystems. Longer term trends in upwelling are thought to be related to global warming. Atmosphere-Ocean Climate Interactions Page 2. PREVIOUS: NEXT. Department of Commerce. Mechanisms of ocean-atmosphere interactions Arnaud Czaja SPAT PG lecture Oct. Atmosphere “feels” the ocean through: •(salt exchange –impact on infrared) •Sea surface friction •Sea surface heating/cooling: Q atmosphere T ocean o.
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Atmosphere ocean interactions Download atmosphere ocean interactions or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get atmosphere ocean interactions book now.
This site is like a library, Use search box in. There are many feedback mechanisms between the oceans and the atmospheres.
For example, evaporating water can condense in the atmosphere to form clouds. These reflect both incoming and outgoing radiation (which is why cloudy nights feel warmer than clear ones) and so determine the temperature of the ocean surface.
Get this from a library. Mechanisms of interannual ocean-atmosphere interactions: final technical report to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the grant NAG [Claude J Frankignoul; United States.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences.]. Ocean–atmosphere interactions involve exchanges of heat, mass (water) and chemical components.
This chapter summarizes the physics of air‐sea exchanges of energy and matter. It shows, using a few examples, how these processes intervene in the ocean–atmosphere Cited by: 3.
A new AGU book, Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, edited by Chunzai Wang, Shang-Ping Xie, and James A.
Carton, presents current observations, theories, and models of ocean Author: Jonathan Lifland. ocean-atmosphere interaction operating on large (> km) spatial and long (> 1 week) temporal scales.
While variability on weather and shorter timescales and beyond the instrumental record is not covered, the feedback mechanisms discussed here are expected to operate for paleoclimate variability (Chiang et al.
; Timmermann et al. ) and. The oceans and atmosphere interact through various processes, including the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particles.
In this book leading international experts come together to provide a state-of-the-art account of these exchanges and their role in the Earth-system, with particular focus on. With both the growing importance of integrating studies of air-sea interaction and the interest in the general problem of global warming, the appearance of the second edition of this popular text is especially welcome.
Thoroughly updated and revised, the authors have retained the accessible, comprehensive expository style that distinguished the earlier edition. Atmosphere – Ocean Interactions in a Nutshell Climate relevant gases CO 2, O 2, DMS, Wet and dry deposition Iron, acid rain, NO x Temperature - greenhouse effects Cloud microphysics Ozone concentrations Chemical reaction rates Radiation budget Oxidizing capacity Hydrological cycle Aerosols & sea-salts Direct deposition Mixing and.
Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions (ATM/OCN ) Topics (I think) we will be discussing: • The Basic Physics of the Mean Climate ( weeks) –Review the essential elements (physics and geometry) that are responsible for the gross features of the mean climate state of the tropical atmosphere and oceans.
view of all mechanisms that can lead to interdecadal variability. Emphasis is given to those modes that were either identiﬁed in coupled ocean–atmosphere models, or for which ocean–atmosphere interactions are crucial.
Several ‘‘ocean-only’’ modes (e.g., Weaver and Sara-chik ; Weaver et al. ; Weisse et al. ; Ja. This book presents a series of high level lectures on the major categories of ocean/atmosphere processes. Three of these major issues are the focus of the lectures: (1) air--sea interaction processes; (2) water mass formation, dispersion and mixing; (3) general circulation, with specific emphasis on the thermohaline component.
This book can be read with a BUKU subscription. You get unlimited access to the entire library, with a BUKU subscription.
Available in: Create free account Details. ISBN. Author(s) Pressing. Publisher. SAGE Publications. The SAGE Handbook of Environmental Change. On the interannual scale, except for the meridional movements, all the other properties of the same basin have similar interannual variation signals.
Following the correlation analysis, it turns out that the Indian Ocean basin-wide index (IOBW) is the most important contributor to. To address in more detail how ocean–atmosphere interactions in the warm ocean lead to the TBO, we rely on the diagnosis of idealized numerical experiments from a hybrid coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM in which the atmosphere and ocean are fully interactive only in the tropical IO and western Pacific.
Climate - Climate - Circulation, currents, and ocean-atmosphere interaction: The circulation of the ocean is a key factor in air temperature distribution. Ocean currents that have a northward or southward component, such as the warm Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic or the cold Peru (Humboldt) Current off South America, effectively exchange heat between low and high latitudes.
This book aims to acquaint readers with the recent advances in experimental and theoretical investigations of ocean-atmosphere interactions, a rapidly developing field in earth sciences. Particular attention is paid to the scope and perspectives for satellite measurements and mathematical modeling.
Current approaches to the construction of. ocean–atmosphere interactions, with concluding remarks in the ﬁ nal section. AIR–SEA FEEDBACK The surface energy budget of the ocean mixed layer of which sensible heat ﬂ ux, latent heat ﬂ ux, precipitation heat ﬂ ux are a part of, dictates the temperature of the sea sur-face, which by virtue of its role in determining the stability.
Chapters in the book cover: i) the ocean-atmosphere exchange of short-lived trace gases; ii) mechanisms and models of interfacial exchange (including transfer velocity parameterisations); iii) ocean-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide; iv) ocean atmosphere exchange of particles and v) current.
A number of different feedback mechanisms have also been proposed  to explain the bidirectional air-sea interaction occurring at timescales beyond interannual.
Hurricanes are normally measured by using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Hurricanes are measured on a scale of depending on their wind speed and storm surge. However, it must be noted that category five storms don't always cause the most damage.Atmosphere-Ocean Climate Interactions. How Does Atmospheric Climate Influence the Ocean?
The oceans and atmosphere store and exchange energy in the form of heat, moisture, and momentum. The oceans are obviously the Earth's largest reservoir of moisture. They also absorb heat more effectively than land and ice surfaces, and store heat more.The TOGA research community now understands several basic mechanisms of ocean–atmosphere interactions that contribute to interannual variabilities; some insight into the interplay between these mechanisms has been developed.